What is Mead? A Beginner’s Guide

Mead, also known as honey wine, is one of the oldest alcoholic beverages in the world. Despite its rich cultural history, many people still need to learn what mead is and how it’s made. In this beginner’s guide, we will explore the basics of mead-making and the different types of mead available.

What is Mead?

Firstly, let’s answer the question – what is Mead? Simply put, mead is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented honey and water. In addition to these two primary ingredients, yeast can influence fermentation, and other additives like fruits or spices impart flavors into Meads.


Mead has been around for millennia. Archaeological evidence suggests that people have been making variations of meads dating back to 7000 BC! It’s believed to have originated in Africa, with evidence found in Chinese pottery indicating production as early as 7000-6500 BC, according to some research by historians.

In Norse mythology, a cup of mead was said to symbolize peace and friendship between warring tribes but beyond mythology; it profoundly influenced human culture too. For thousands of years across various cultures worldwide, Meads was consumed for feasting ceremonies.

How is Mead Made?

Like beer or wine, you can brew a batch of mead in multiple ways. There isn’t any fixed recipe since anything involved with adding flavor at any stage may affect your final product’s taste!

Most traditional brewing processes involve mixing honey with warm water until they blend smoothly; this mixture is called must juice. After adding flavors such as fruit or spices (if desired), yeast gets added for fermentation.

Alcohol levels vary significantly depending on your earlier choice regarding fermentable sugars brought about through dilution with water (which reduces milder) or not (resulting in cent percent ABV). Aging periods add complexities, too – minimal aging produces mead-like hydromel, slightly more produces Melomel, and the highest aging produces Mead Braggot.

Types of Mead

Numerous variations of meads are available for those looking into a honey-infused beverage. Here’s a breakdown of some popular types:

1. Traditional Mead: Also called “Show Mead,” this is one of the purest and earliest forms of mead that combines honey with water with no additional flavorings.

2. Melomel: This type incorporates fruits such as cherries, peaches, or strawberries to enhance taste and color.

3. Metheglin: A spiced version where herbs and spices such as cinnamon, ginger, or cloves get added in place of fruits.

4. Cyser: When making cyser, you mix apple juice or cider with the must before fermentation. That differentiates it from other styles — it retains apple flavors throughout the brewing process until completion!

5. Pyment: Think wine made from grapes but instead replace grapes with honey! Pyments require a blend of honey and grape juice added during fermentation.

What Does Mead Taste Like?

Mead has recently gained much attraction due to its sweet taste profile that differs based on its style and origin – chocolatey tones indicate dark honey use, whereas lighter raw honey adds floral tones. Apart from that, all flavors associated come into play depending upon additions included at the recipe development stage!

Mead ranges from dry to sweet regardless of season, while alcohol content varies around 8-20% ABV – similar alcohol volume to wine, in some cases more substantial than beer! Note that Pyment has an even higher ACE percentage than other meads, reaching over 21%, so keep that in mind when you’re sipping mindfully!


With high levels of antioxidants and antibacterial properties (due to its primary ingredient being Honey), there’s no shortage of potential health benefits alongside taste enjoyment when drinking mead in moderation.

Research indicates that regular and mindful consumption of honey can help boost the immune system, fight inflammation, alleviate allergy symptoms, and even blood pressure issues depending upon the additives present.


Mead may have ancient roots, but it’s not limited to a simpler version or one type – instead, there are endless variations curated by passionate artisanal brewers worldwide. Meads can be flavored with fruits, herbs, spices, or even hops, along with extended aging for complex flavors! These variations make it an ideal beverage for those who love exploring different tastes and aromas!

Hopefully, this beginner’s guide provides insight into what mead is, how it’s made, and the different styles available to explore. It’s time to give those taste buds something they’ve always missed!

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